Should EBITDA include non-operating income and expenses or not? I have received conflicting information regarding this.
Whether EBITDA should include non operating income and expenses for other types of analysis, I do not have an opinion. As a banker, for projected cash flow analysis, I would include it if you believe it to be recurring over the term of your loan. Heck, even for historical I’d include it because it explains how they could afford to pay their payments in the previous year. That non-operating income was part of the mix for debt payment capacity.
Example for projections
The company has excess office space and is renting it out to another company. If they have no expectations of needing it for their own operations within the time-frame of your loan and plan to continue to rent it out, I would suggest you include it.
If they are planning to expand into that space, do not include it for a recurring cash flow projection.
Do you care about GAAP or about debt repayment capacity?
I guess I am less concerned about the GAAP interpretation than I am getting our best, most reliable estimate of debt repayment capacity. If you are analyzing tax returns for debt repayment, which is most important to you?
Need more on operating and non-operating income?
Our online modules at www.LendersOnlineTraining.com include two that cover operating income versus other income; Income Statement Basics and Terminology.